Commented Chess Game
I will explain every chess move in the following game to unlock something in your mind to enable you to look at a game of chess in a different way as before.
The most important aspect is that in a chess game everything is relative. Squares can become weak because a bishop is locked into a corner. This idea can be used to move your pieces around on these weakened squares. This eventually will lead to an advantage.
Non-Club Players don't look at chess this way, but you can increase your playing strenght if you grasp this idea. I am sure grandmasters think this way but are unable to explain it to others, as it comes natural to them.
If you can change your way of thinking in this respect it will help you to understand the position better and enables you to find a good move that improves your position further and prevents you to make just any move, because you are confused.
Locked out Bishop - Commented Chess Game
LEFT: Black intends to chase the white bishop to g3 where it will be inactive as it cannot jump over the black pawns. The black pawn structure paralyzes the white bishop on g3 as white f-pawn can't move to f4 due to the black g-pawn which controls f4 together with the black e5-pawn.
RIGHT: Sooner or later White must move the f-pawn to be able to retreat his dead bishop to f2. You should hinder this process if you can or slow it down. In this case Black trades his bishop for knight to force the queen to f3. White should not recapture with the g-pawn as this would lock in the bishop PERMANENTLY, as there would be two ISOLATED pawns sitting on the f-file. In this case the bishop will never get out and this is like being a piece up in the center and on the queenside. You just play on and in the end you may win in the endgame as you are a piece up, in effect, on the rest of the board.
LEFT: Don't be afraid of white queen going to f5 as Nd4 would follow with a deadly attack. (1.Qf5 Nd4 2.Qxg Rg8 3.Qh4 RxB 4.QxR Ne2+ losing the queen.)
RIGHT: Black has pushed the g-pawn to g4 to rip open the kingside. The h3-pawn is the ATTACKING MARK, so you open up the kingside at g4 pushing your g-pawn ahead.
LEFT: White has retreated his queen to d1 and plays c3 to keep away the black knight from the outpost square d4. Black wants to push the h-pawn to open up the kingside or to force White to lock in his bishop.
RIGHT: Black had pushed his h-pawn ahead as White must play g3 to keep the kingside closed or the black pieces will penetrate there eventually when Black is allowed to capture the g-pawn playing hxg. But the move g3 has locked in the white bishop completely and Black will, in effect, be a piece up on the rest of the board, because the bishop at g3 does not play an active part in the game anymore.
LEFT: The white bishop g3 is locked in. What does this mean? It means that all black squares in White's position are weak. This means you have to play on dark-colored squares. For that reason Black moved the queen to a dark square (e7) and attacks a pawn sitting on a dark square, the g-pawn. White is not able to protect dark-colored squares sufficiently in the long run. Get this into your head and play accordingly!
RIGHT: Black had to temporarily protect his bishop and played a5 to stop the white a-pawn from going ahead to a5 winning the black bishop. In this case the bishop would have been squeezed in and lost.
LEFT: Black has attacked two important black squares with his knight, the square g5 and the square d4. All black squares are weak because the dark-colored white bishop is locked in at the kingside. Remember?
RIGHT: White must trade his bishop for the knight to survive. Otherwise the knight hits at g5 and might go to f3. Or the pressure on the black square d4 gets too strong.
LEFT: Black is better as his pieces exercise pressure in the center. If White captures Knight 1.fxK?? then the white queen would be lost after 1...dxc+, so White just recaptures cxd.
RIGHT: Black has just played e5 and attacks the BLACK square d4 one more time. The black squares are weak as they cannot be protected by the white bishop g3! Remember? If White captures knight in this position then 1...Bxd+ followed by BxR would lose the white rook a1.
In this hopeless position White soon lost. Please replay the game below and try to understand that the weakness of the dark squares were the reason why the white position collapsed.
White's Position has weak dark Squares (Locked out Bishop)
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