Queens Gambit Declined

In the Queens Gambit Declined Black does not capture the Gambit pawn at c4 but protects his d-pawn playing e6 and continues his development. Black would not be able to hold on to the gambit pawn anyway.

This is a very old and solid opening. Black might get a cramped positon but can free it using the pawn breaks c5 or e5.


1. d4 d5 2.c4 e6
queens gambit declined


1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.Nf3 0-0 6.e3 Nbd7 7.Rc1 c6
Orthodox Defense
A very old variation and seldom played nowadays because Black gets a passive position as the bishop at c8 gets out late.
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.Nf3 0-0 6.e3 h6 7.Bh4 Ne4 8.Bxe7 Qxe7
Lasker Defense
This old line is solid for Black and even played nowadays occasionally.
queens gambit declined
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queens gambit declined
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1.d4 d5 2.c4 c5
Symmetrical Defense
Dubious and not played at top level chess.
1 d4 d5 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 Nf6 4 Bg5 Be7 5 Nf3 h6 6.Bh4 0-0 7.e3 b6
Tartakower Makogonov Bondarevsky System
This variation is one of the most solid continuations for Black.
queens gambit declined symmetrical defense
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Tartakower Makogonov Bondarevsky System
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1 d4 d5 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 Nf6 4 Bg5 Be7 5 Nf3 h6 6.BxN BxB Anti Tartakower Makogonov Bondarevsky System
This variation is solid for Black and was tested extensively at top level chess. Black has no problems in this line.
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.cxd exd Exchange Variation
This line gives White a small edge and it is not easy to handle for Black.
anti tartakower makogonov bondarevsky system
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queens gambit declined
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1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Bb4
Ragozin Variation
Solid and still played nowadays.
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c5
Tarrasch Defense
This opening Is stable. Main line is 4. cxd5 exd5 and White attempts to exploit the weakness of the isolated pawn.
queens gambit declined ragozin variation
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tarrasch defense
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